Long charge: why the popularity of electric vehicles in Russia is growing so slowly

ST PETERSBURG, July 22. / TASS /. On the small island of Valaam in Karelia, 9 charging stations for electric vehicles were installed. This is more than in St. Petersburg and Kaliningrad combined. Avtovaz began small-scale production of EL LADA, and in Sochi sold two dozen electric cars of local assembly.

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Demand for electric vehicles in Russia is growing, but the high price and lack of infrastructure often discourages the buyer. Producers and sellers of this technology are convinced that the development prospects for ecologically clean modern transport in the country are good, but for real implementation requires real state support.

Interest in electric cars

People have stopped being afraid to buy electric cars, but such acquisitions are not budgetary either from the point of view of buying the car itself or afterwards, Tass explained in the company "Ecomotors", which sells electric vehicles in major cities of Russia. "A man with a salary of 50 thousand will not be able to afford it, you need to have your parking lot, a garage where you can charge a car." While in Russia the problem with charging, "the company said.

The average cost of an electric car - 4 million rubles with a range of 150-200 km, Tesla cars cost from 7 million rubles and can go without recharging up to 500-600 km, the company said. According to the dealer, for the first half of 2016, Russians spent 30 million rubles for the purchase of electric vehicles (for example, this is the price of 4-5 Tesla), for the whole of last year electric cars were bought for the same amount.

At the beginning of 2016, there were 647 electric vehicles in Russia. According to the analytical agency "Autostat", most of them - 235 - in Moscow. In the second place, Primorsky Krai, neighboring with technological Japan, has 55 cars, followed by Samara and Moscow regions - 49 and 45 cars respectively, in the Krasnodar Territory 41 cars, 37 in St. Petersburg.

On the fingers of one hand, it is possible to count electric vehicles in the Urals, Georgy Burakov, deputy chief engineer for innovations of IDGC of Urals, told TASS. "Electric cars are bought, but not as main transport, but rather as a toy, if money allows." If they buy electric cars like TESLA, then they actually go. "Basically, they buy hybrid cars that do not require a network of charging stations," explained he.

At the same time, the power engineer believes that the situation with the development of both electric cars and the fueling network resembles a vicious circle. "On the one hand, why put gas stations, if there are no cars? And on the other hand, cars do not buy, because there are no gas stations," he explained.

Need infrastructure

However, new charging stations are needed. Now, according to "Ecomotors," there are several dozens, most in Moscow. JSC "St. Petersburg Electric Networks" (part of the group of companies PJSC "Lenenergo") in late September will open seven new EFs, which will install 16 domestic devices of fast and slow charging type. In addition, it is planned to open six stations in shopping centers. Now in the northern capital, two refueling - at the airport Pulkovo and in the shopping center "Gallery" in the city center.

On the territory of Valaam, Rosseti has installed 9 charging stations (8 AC stations and 1 express train station), TASS told Romanet Berdnikov, First Deputy Director General of Rossetti PJSC.

In Kaliningrad, power engineers are ready to deploy a network of charging stations for electric vehicles, but so far the demand for a service is small. Now there is an electric car in the city, it is owned by Yantarenergo. "The company suggests the possibility of installing the first charging station for electric cars in 2017. The volume of capital investments for this event at current prices is about 350 thousand rubles." The location of the charging station will be determined based on the results of the questionnaire, "the company added. According to the research conducted by Yantarenergo, interest in the purchase of an electric car is mainly shown by men at the age of about 30 years.

In the Urals, they decided to look to the future with optimism and proactively developed a program for the development of the charging infrastructure, following the example of Moscow - with free ESPs. "We are currently negotiating with the owners of the shopping centers, airports and other places where there is traffic for cars, parking for several hours." We will install the charging for electric vehicles before the end of 2017 at Koltsovo (Ekaterinburg), Bolshoy Savino (Perm) and Chelyabinsk International Airport " - added George Burakov.

Governmental support

Many market participants acknowledge that without state support, the prospects for the development of electric vehicles are uncertain.

At the same time, the authorities are already taking real steps. Last week, Kommersant reported on a draft government program for the development of electric vehicles in Russia until 2025, which provides for preferential tariffs on toll roads, free parking in cities, the ability to move along allocated lanes, zero transportation tax and simplification of bureaucratic procedures for the construction of charging stations. It also became known that the Council of the Eurasian Economic Commission decided to reduce import duties on the electric car (with the exception of hybrid and plug-in hybrid) until September of next year.

Meanwhile, in St. Petersburg from January 1, 2017 to January 1, 2020, electric car owners will be exempted from the transport tax and have already been granted the right to free parking in intercepting and city parking lots upon presentation of documents on the type of engine. In addition, electric cars can be placed free of charge in the paid parking area, subject to the appropriate parking permit (they plan to start issuing in August). Similar measures are already in place in Moscow.

Producers declare the need for other measures. In particular, AvtoVAZ focused on localizing the production of components for this type of machine, and the chairman of the board of directors of the company Ecomotors, Alexei Mikheev noted that "it is necessary to determine the territory where access to conventional vehicles will be prohibited."

Production and prospects in Russia

The Russian automotive industry believes in the future of electric vehicles. So, in 2012 Avtovaz moved from production of prototypes to small-scale production. VAZ electric car EL LADA is developed on the basis of LADA Kalina car. The weight of the machine is 1200 kg, the maximum speed is 140 km / h. For the run in urban mode, an electric car takes 8 hours of charging from an ordinary outlet.

"GAZ Group" has already built an electric vehicle based on the all-metal van "GAZelle NEXT". This is not a prototype, but a pre-production pre-production car that has been tested, certified and will soon be handed over to a large corporate customer for operation in real conditions, "the company said." They said that there is already an order for the first batch of cars to be delivered customers until the end of the year.

The company "Ecomotors" opened the production of electric cars "Concordia" on the basis of its technical center in Sochi. In just two years, the city managed to sell two dozen electric cars of its own assembly. Now the company is developing a joint production in Mordovia, where the plant will produce bodies, plastic and other elements of electric vehicles.
In addition to the production of cars themselves, it is necessary to solve the problem of domestic components, in particular, one of the most important components of an electric vehicle - a capacious and light bulky battery. Such an attempt was made in Siberia by the corporation Rusnano and the Chinese holding Thunder Sky, but the project worth almost 15 billion rubles showed a loss and was suspended for later reorientation.

There are also scientific developments in this field in Russia. So, in July, the Samara National Research University began work on the creation of accumulator batteries made of aluminum. According to scientists, such batteries will be safer, cheaper and more environmentally friendly than current lithium-ion batteries, and can be widely used in electric vehicles and energy storage systems. This will not only accelerate the development of the market of electric vehicles, but also give impetus to the development of "green energy".

For example, electric vehicles can be launched on the territory of the future medical cluster in the Caucasus Mountains, Tass commented the first deputy minister of the Russian Federation for the affairs of the North Caucasus, Odessa Baysultanov. "According to international environmental standards, and they are tougher than Russian ones, to preserve the uniqueness of the climate of the Caucasian Mineral Waters, we are considering the possibility of launching electric vehicles on the territory of the medical cluster," he said. A successful example of the introduction of electric vehicles can be called the Olympic Park in Sochi. Dozens of cars on electric traction, including domestic assembly, daily roll tourists on the alleys between the ice palaces.

Source reference http://special.tass.ru/ekonomika/3478375